A PIA is a process which enables organisations to identify and address the likely privacy impact of new initiatives and projects. It covers privacy issues on a wider scale than data protection and information security considerations which are still undertaken.
If Devon and Cornwall Police are introducing a new process/initiative or IT system or is making significant changes to a process/IT system, that has implications for the use of personal information, a PIA is considered.
The privacy issues covered by a PIA are;
- privacy of personal information (Data Protection Act 1998);
- privacy of the person (e.g. body searches, body scanning);
- privacy of personal behaviour (observations of what individuals do);
- privacy of personal communication.
Guidance from the Association of Chief Police Officers states that a PIA cannot be undertaken retrospectively once an IT system or process is already in place.